Shooter's Report: SMC Pentax FA 43mm f/1.9 Limited
Shooter's Report: SMC Pentax FA 43mm f/1.9 Limited
by Carl Garrard
Introduction. Lab results provide a very important and unbiased report on how a lens performs. They are a good starting point when deciding whether or not to purchase a lens, as you can get a good idea of how the lens is going to perform. However, in my experience, I've found that there is the hands-on experience is very important when choosing lenses for your DSLR system.
Using a lens in the field will tell you more about how you the photographer will bond with a particular lens and how it will ultimately fit into your shooting routines. Sometimes lab results alone won't keep your wallet from emptying if you like how a lens feels in your hand, if you like its weight and size, how it looks on your DSLR, and lastly if you are happy with the results you see from the lens on your screen or in print. This is the real-world equation that I attempt to explore in this review, and hopefully communicate to the reader.
Technical Overview. The SMC Pentax FA 43mm f/1.9 Limited lens is a fixed focal length pancake lens that lies in the middle of the focal range among Pentax’s extensive lineup of compact prime lenses. At 43mm (roughly 65mm equivalent on APS-C) the little Pentax is neither wide angle nor telephoto lens, and can basically be considered a standard lens. The original, silver version of the lens is made in Japan but newer (black) models are now assembled in Vietnam; this does not seem to have affected quality in the slightest.
I tested the 43mm Limited lens on my own personal Pentax Kx and Pentax K7 DSLRs.
Notes from the SLRgear.com Lab. Readers should be aware that I did not look at the lab results until after I was done testing and using this lens in the field. I was rather excited and curious to see how my impressions would compare to the technical aspects of testing in the SLRgear.com lab, and how closely my impressions were to those results practically. I report later here about my experiences in the field with this lens and how they compare to the following results from the lab. According to the lab results, the Pentax 43mm Limited is a stellar performer with very few weaknesses; those would include significant chromatic aberration and being soft wide open at f/1.9. It also has a less-than-average maximum magnification ratio.
Size and Appearance. The size of the Pentax 43mm Limited overall can best be described as petite, but not miniscule. They don't call this lens a pancake lens for nothing, but it's still not as small as the near legendary 40mm Pancake that Pentax also offers.
This lens is gorgeous; lens manufacturers really don't make them look much nicer than this. Fit to my K7 or K-x, the 43mm f/1.9 looked equally at home, and in some way outshines both cameras, making you wish for a matching camera body. There are enough silver accents on the black K-x that it seems to match nicely enough, and looks great on your camera.
Build Quality. The little Pentax lens is made completely from metal and glass, and feels dense and quite well-built. There are few modern lenses built today of this caliber, but Pentax seems to have a habit of making well-built small prime lenses. The 43mm Limited is no exception, and perhaps one of the finer lenses you can buy today.
Bokeh. With regard to bokeh, I found the 43mm to be a bit "busy", with its middle-of-the-road focal length contributing to the out-of-focus effects. When focused at the minimum focus distance and shooting at f/2.8, the rather busy bokeh seems to tame a bit (in terms of bright halos on defocused bright points), and smooths out a bit more. Even then, I wouldn't refer to the 43mm LTD as a bokeh tool. It does however do a very good job and better than some other lenses that don't shoot as wide open.
Sharpness. For distant subjects, the 43mm Limited offers excellent sharpness, picking up the finest details. If you can live with the focal range, the 43mm can produce tack sharp landscape photographs, or near-perfect documentary photography where every single detail is needed. Even wide open there's not much to complain about here at all with at least 80% of the image in the center being sharp enough to satisfy even the most demanding pixel peeper. Optimum sharpness I found to be around f/5.6, which wasn't all that much sharper than f/2.8.
Contrast. The Pentax 43mm f/1.9 offers very good contrast without being overbearing. Sure, we can adjust contrast in-camera or during post-processing, but lenses do have variations in how they render contrast. The Pentax 43mm lens produces images with contrast similar to those produced by Zeiss but it keeps a bit of a softer overall contrast performance that I prefer and find a bit more natural. Even wide-open at f/1.9, contrast is better than most lenses with large apertures, which is testament to its quality optics. Contrast is optimum at f/5.6.
Ghosting and Flare. I found no evidence of ghosting (sensor reflection on the rear element) in any of my images. Flare performance is actually so good that I find the use of the included lens hood to be a moot point, unless of course you want to add extra protection to your investment. There is some flare evident in the most extreme circumstances, but overall it is pretty minimal in comparison to many lenses I've used. I like to include flare in some of my images as an artistic touch for specific circumstances sometimes anyway, so a little flare is good to have. Even in the most extreme circumstances (image left) the little Pentax held up well.
Macro Performance. A weakness with this lens is the minimum focusing distance area and macro performance. With its 0.12x magnification specification, this translates into a minimum captured area of just over seven inches wide. Using this lens for flower portraiture or small objects isn't its strong suit, so I would not reach for this lens for this type of shooting. A 2x Macro lens attached to the front would give this lens much more versatility. Other lens makers include them, such as Zeiss and Voightlander on some of their lenses, and this little Pentax would benefit from one much the same.
Chromatic Aberration. Chromatic aberration was noticeable on a computer monitor. Overall, however, it wasn't problematic enough for me to consider removing it in post-processing. I've seen worse results and not all C.A. is the same: Some is very difficult to remove, with hard edges and multiple hues that bleed into your subjects, making removal without image degradation nearly impossible. Not so with the 43mm Limited. The chromatic aberration that was objectionable was removed easily enough in post-processing. I noticed that C.A. really didn't show up much when the lens was stopped down to f/4 and beyond. Considering this is one of the more stand-out lab weaknesses of this lens, I find it interesting that it wasn't all that problematic for me in real-world use. To see the chromatic aberration in the image to the left, zoom in on the top of the pine trees. The image was captured at f/2.8.
Geometric Distortion. The Pentax 43mm f/1.9 produces no significant geometric distortion. This coincides with the lab findings where only a trace amount of barrel distortion could be found. A great performer, and peace of mind to the time-conserving photographer who doesn't want to correct for geometric distortion later on. As you can see in the image of the Grand Canyon, the horizon shows very little barrel distortion.
Color Response. Regarding its color reproduction, the Pentax 43mm LTD is quite neutral in color rendering: It casts neither a warm or cool tone to the images, which is just how I prefer a lens to perform. Color is much easier to manage digitally than it is for film, but it is rather nice that the lens start with an accurate color rendering like the little Pentax does. It's one of the more pleasing performance characteristics of this lens that helped me to warm up to it.
Alternatives. If I were to pick one single prime for my DSLR outfit, I'd prefer the 35mm LTD macro or an inexpensive 50mm f/1.4 SMC Pentax-A from the used market (which I also own). However, the Pentax 43mm f/1.9 LTD is a lens that would go well with the 15mm LTD or 77mm LTD lenses. Those three lenses could cover quite a range and not weigh heavily on your bag (only perhaps your wallet). This is the scenario in which I find myself wanting the 43mm LTD, as part of a collection. The 43mm LTD has the heritage, allure, and build to last a long time, perhaps a lens that I'd want to pass on to my son, and that he'd one day pass on to his.
Who's it for? Journalists and street photographers would probably like this lens. Outdoor enthusiasts will appreciate its low weight and size; some may desire more field of view from the focal length on APS-C sensors, however (like me). The family man will appreciate its bright aperture for indoor shots of growing children, pets, and family functions, as well as bragging rights to having one of the nicest modern prime lens types from any camera manufacturer.
Conclusion. This report was obviously written on the silver 43mm Limited lens, which is difficult to find and quite expensive when you do. However, the black version is at least available and in stock with most retailers who carry Pentax. At the time of writing, it's available for between $560 and $650 online. This is quite a price to pay for a prime lens that doesn't seem to have any real stand-out strength, other than its physical characteristics and tack-sharp images. But if you want a small, lightweight, and stylish lens that doesn't suffer from geometric distortion and you aren't really picky about your focal length, this lens will make a nice addition to a Pentax prime collection in your bag.
Overall the SMC Pentax FA 43mm f/1.9 Limited Lens is a well-built optic with only a few flaws. It has a decent all-around focal length that will handle most duties well, and won't weigh you down.
- Tack sharp at f/2.8 and beyond, minimal loss of sharpness at f/22
- Bomb proof and artistic build
- Lens coating makes cleaning a snap
- Excellent style points
- Smooth manual auto focus ring
- Sharp enough at f/1.9 with good contrast (seems to negate test findings in real world results a bit)
- Bright maximum aperture for indoor shooting and portraits
- Zero ghost haloing-common of large aperture primes wide open (not to be confused with bokeh halo)
- Bokeh looks good up to f/4, f/2.8 ideal
- Quick autofocus
- Small, lightweight, discreet in MF mode
- Low geometric distortion, almost none apparent
- Medium throw for manual focus, just right
- Chromatic aberration (although not hard-edged) wide-open till about f/5.6
- No use of quick AF function
- No use of Manual Aperture control on digital bodies (K7 and K-x tested)
- No automatic lens correction (CA and Distortion) on new bodies (although you don't really need geometric correction)
- Odd focal length on APS-C, would be much better on a FF body
- MF ring slightly small
- Bokeh has haloing on large apertures
- Expensive and hard to find (sometimes)
- AF slightly noisy
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